Jesus’ Authority Challenged
(Matthew 21:23–27; Mark 11:27–33)
1 One day as Jesus was teaching the people in the temple courts a and proclaiming the gospel, the chief priests and scribes, together with the elders, came up to Him. 2 “Tell us,” they said, “by what authority are You doing these things, and who gave You this authority?”
5 They deliberated among themselves and said, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will ask, ‘Why did you not believe him?’ 6 But if we say, ‘From men,’ all the people will stone us, for they are convinced that John was a prophet.”
7 So they answered that they did not know where it was from.
8 And Jesus replied,
The Parable of the Wicked Tenants
(Matthew 21:33–46; Mark 12:1–12)
9 Then He proceeded to tell the people this parable:
11 So he sent another servant, but they beat him and treated him shamefully, sending him away empty-handed.
12 Then he sent a third, but they wounded him and threw him out.
13 ‘What shall I do?’ asked the owner of the vineyard. ‘I will send my beloved son. Perhaps they will respect him.’
14 But when the tenants saw the son, they discussed it among themselves and said, ‘This is the heir. Let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ 15 So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him.
What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come and kill those tenants, and will give the vineyard to others.”
17 But Jesus looked directly at them and said,
‘The stone the builders rejected
has become the cornerstone’ b?
18 Everyone who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed.”
Paying Taxes to Caesar
(Matthew 22:15–22; Mark 12:13–17)
19 When the scribes and chief priests realized that Jesus had spoken this parable against them, they sought to arrest Him that very hour. But they were afraid of the people.
20 So they watched Him closely and sent spies who pretended to be sincere. They were hoping to catch Him in His words in order to hand Him over to the rule and authority of the governor. 21 “Teacher,” they inquired, “we know that You speak and teach correctly. You show no partiality, but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. 22 Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”
“Caesar’s,” they answered.
25 So Jesus told them,
26 And they were unable to trap Him in His words before the people; and amazed at His answer, they fell silent.
The Sadducees and the Resurrection
(Matthew 22:23–33; Mark 12:18–27)
27 Then some of the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to question Him. 28 “Teacher,” they said, “Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife but no children, the man is to marry his brother’s widow and raise up offspring for him. d 29 Now there were seven brothers. The first one married a wife, but died childless. 30 Then the second e 31 and the third married the widow, and in the same way all seven died, leaving no children. 32 And last of all, the woman died. 33 So then, in the resurrection, whose wife will she be? For all seven were married to her.”
34 Jesus answered,
37 Even Moses demonstrates that the dead are raised, in the passage about the burning bush. For he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ f 38 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for to Him all are alive.”
Whose Son Is the Christ?
(Matthew 22:41–46; Mark 12:35–37)
‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand
43 until I make Your enemies
a footstool for Your feet.” ’ g
44 Thus David calls Him ‘Lord.’ So how can He be David’s son?”
Beware of the Scribes
45 In the hearing of all the people, Jesus said to His disciples,
1 a Literally the temple
17 b Psalm 118:22
24 c A denarius was customarily a day’s wage for a laborer; see Matthew 20:2.
28 d Deuteronomy 25:5
30 e BYZ and TR include married the widow, and he also died,
37 f Exodus 3:6
43 g Psalm 110:1
47 h Literally They devour widows’ houses