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The Parable of the Wicked Tenants
(Matthew 21:33–46; Luke 20:9–18)
1 Then Jesus began to speak to them in parables:
2 At harvest time, he sent a servant to the tenants to collect his share of the fruit of the vineyard. 3 But they seized the servant, beat him, and sent him away empty-handed.
4 Then he sent them another servant, and they struck him over the head and treated him shamefully.
5 He sent still another, and this one they killed.
He sent many others; some they beat and others they killed.
6 Finally, having one beloved son, he sent him to them. ‘They will respect my son,’ he said.
7 But the tenants said to one another, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ 8 So they seized the son, killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard.
9 What then will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and kill those tenants, and will give the vineyard to others. 10 Have you never read this Scripture:
‘The stone the builders rejected
11 This is from the Lord,
and it is marvelous in our eyes’ a?”
12 At this, the leaders sought b to arrest Jesus, for they knew that He had spoken this parable against them. But fearing the crowd, they left Him and went away.
Paying Taxes to Caesar
(Matthew 22:15–22; Luke 20:19–26)
13 Later, they sent some of the Pharisees and Herodians to catch Jesus in His words. 14 “Teacher,” they said, “we know that You are honest and seek favor from no one. Indeed, You are impartial and teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not? Should we pay them or not?”
15 But Jesus saw through their hypocrisy and said,
“Caesar’s,” they answered.
17 Then Jesus told them,
The Sadducees and the Resurrection
(Matthew 22:23–33; Luke 20:27–40)
18 Then the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Jesus and questioned Him: 19 “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife but no children, the man is to marry his brother’s widow and raise up offspring for him. d 20 Now there were seven brothers. The first one married and died, leaving no children. 21 Then the second one married the widow, but he also died and left no children. And the third did likewise. 22 In this way, none of the seven left any children. And last of all, the woman died. 23 In the resurrection, then, e whose wife will she be? For all seven were married to her.”
24 Jesus said to them,
26 But concerning the dead rising, have you not read about the burning bush in the Book of Moses, how God told him, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’ f? 27 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You are badly mistaken!”
The Greatest Commandment
(Deuteronomy 6:1–19; Matthew 22:34–40)
28 Now one of the scribes had come up and heard their debate. Noticing how well Jesus had answered them, he asked Him, “Which commandment is the most important of all?”
29 Jesus replied,
32 “Right, Teacher,” the scribe replied. “You have stated correctly that God is One and there is no other but Him, 33 and to love Him with all your heart and with all your understanding and with all your strength, and to love your neighbor as yourself, which is more important than all burnt offerings and sacrifices.”
34 When Jesus saw that the man had answered wisely, He said,
And no one dared to question Him any further.
Whose Son Is the Christ?
(Matthew 22:41–46; Luke 20:41–44)
35 While Jesus was teaching in the temple courts, i He asked,
‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand
until I put Your enemies
under Your feet.” ’ j
37 David himself calls Him ‘Lord.’ So how can He be David’s son?”
And the large crowd listened to Him with delight.
Beware of the Scribes
38 In His teaching Jesus also said,
The Widow’s Offering
41 As Jesus was sitting opposite the treasury, He watched the crowd putting money into it. And many rich people put in large amounts. 42 Then one poor widow came and put in two small copper coins, which amounted to a small fraction of a denarius. l
43 Jesus called His disciples to Him and said,
11 a Psalm 118:22–23
12 b Literally they sought
15 c A denarius was customarily a day’s wage for a laborer; see Matthew 20:2.
19 d Deuteronomy 25:5
23 e Literally In the resurrection, when they rise,
26 f Exodus 3:6
30 g Deuteronomy 6:4–5
31 h Leviticus 19:18
35 i Literally the temple
36 j Psalm 110:1
40 k Literally They devour widows’ houses
42 l Greek put in two lepta, which is a kodrantēs ; a lepton was a Jewish coin of bronze or copper worth about 1-128 of a denarius.