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Numbers 28

The Daily Offerings
(Exodus 29:38–44)

1 Then the LORD said to Moses, 2 “Command the Israelites and say to them:See that you present to Me at its appointed time the food for My offerings by fire, as a pleasing aroma to Me.

3 And tell them that this is the offering made by fire you are to present to the LORD as a regular burnt offering each day: two unblemished year-old male lambs. 4 Offer one lamb in the morning and the other at twilight, a  5 along with a tenth of an ephah of fine flour b as a grain offering, mixed with a quarter hin of oil from pressed olives. c 

6 This is a regular burnt offering established at Mount Sinai as a pleasing aroma, an offering made by fire to the LORD. 7 The drink offering accompanying each lamb shall be a quarter hin. Pour out the offering of fermented drink to the LORD in the sanctuary area. 8 And offer the second lamb at twilight, with the same grain offering and drink offering as in the morning. It is an offering made by fire, a pleasing aroma to the LORD.

The Sabbath Offerings

9 On the Sabbath day, present two unblemished year-old male lambs, accompanied by a grain offering of two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour d mixed with oil, as well as a drink offering.

10 This is the burnt offering for every Sabbath, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its drink offering.

The Monthly Offerings

11 At the beginning of every month, you are to present to the LORD a burnt offering of two young bulls, one ram, and seven male lambs a year old, all unblemished, 12 along with three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour e mixed with oil as a grain offering with each bull, two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering with the ram, 13 and a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering with each lamb. This is a burnt offering, a pleasing aroma, an offering made by fire to the LORD.

14 Their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine f with each bull, a third of a hin g with the ram, and a quarter hin with each lamb. This is the monthly burnt offering to be made at each new moon throughout the year.

15 In addition to the regular burnt offering with its drink offering, one male goat is to be presented to the LORD as a sin offering.

Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread
(Exodus 12:14–28; Leviticus 23:4–8; Deuteronomy 16:1–8)

16 The fourteenth day of the first month is the LORD’s Passover. 17 On the fifteenth day of this month, there shall be a feast; for seven days unleavened bread is to be eaten.

18 On the first day there is to be a sacred assembly; you must not do any regular work. 19 Present to the LORD an offering made by fire, a burnt offering of two young bulls, one ram, and seven male lambs a year old, all unblemished. 20 The grain offering shall consist of fine flour mixed with oil; offer three-tenths of an ephah with each bull, two-tenths of an ephah with the ram, 21 and a tenth of an ephah with each of the seven lambs. 22 Include one male goat as a sin offering to make atonement for you.

23 You are to present these in addition to the regular morning burnt offering. 24 Offer the same food each day for seven days as an offering made by fire, a pleasing aroma to the LORD. It is to be offered with its drink offering and the regular burnt offering.

25 On the seventh day you shall hold a sacred assembly; you must not do any regular work.

The Feast of Weeks
(Deuteronomy 16:9–12)

26 On the day of firstfruits, when you present an offering of new grain to the LORD during the Feast of Weeks, h you are to hold a sacred assembly;you must not do any regular work.

27 Present a burnt offering of two young bulls, one ram, and seven male lambs a year old as a pleasing aroma to the LORD, 28 together with their grain offerings of fine flour mixed with oil—three-tenths of an ephah with each bull, two-tenths of an ephah with the ram, 29 and a tenth of an ephah with each of the seven lambs.

30 Include one male goat to make atonement for you. 31 Offer them with their drink offerings in addition to the regular burnt offering and its grain offering. The animals must be unblemished.

 

Footnotes:

4 a Hebrew between the two evenings ; also in verse 8
5 b A tenth of an ephah is approximately 2 dry quarts or 2.2 liters (probably about 2.6 pounds or 1.2 kilograms of flour); also in verses 13, 21, and 29.
5 c Or a quarter hin of pure olive oil ; Hebrew a quarter hin of pressed oil ; that is, approximately 0.97 quarts or 0.92 liters; similarly in verses 7 and 14
9 d Two-tenths of an ephah is approximately 4 dry quarts or 4.4 liters (probably about 5.1 pounds or 2.3 kilograms of flour); also in verses 12, 20, and 28.
12 e Three-tenths of an ephah is approximately 6 dry quarts or 6.6 liters (probably about 7.6 pounds or 3.5 kilograms of flour); also in verses 20 and 28.
14 f Half a hin is approximately 1.9 quarts or 1.8 liters of wine.
14 g A third of a hin is approximately 1.3 quarts or 1.2 liters of wine.
26 h That is, Shavuot, the late spring feast of pilgrimage to Jerusalem; it is also known as the Feast of Harvest (see Exodus 23:16) or the Feast of Pentecost (see Acts 2:1).

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