A Remnant Chosen by Grace
1 I ask then, did God reject His people? Certainly not! I am an Israelite myself, a descendant of Abraham, from the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God did not reject His people, whom He foreknew. Do you not know what the Scripture says about Elijah, how he appealed to God against Israel: 3 “Lord, they have killed Your prophets and torn down Your altars. I am the only one left, and they are seeking my life as well” a?
“God gave them a spirit of stupor,
eyes that could not see,
and ears that could not hear,
to this very day.” d
9 And David says:
“May their table become a snare and a trap,
10 May their eyes be darkened so they cannot see,
and their backs be bent forever.” e
The Ingrafting of the Gentiles
11 I ask then, did they stumble so as to fall beyond recovery? f Certainly not! However, because of their trespass, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel jealous. 12 But if their trespass means riches for the world, and their failure means riches for the Gentiles, how much greater riches will their fullness bring!
13 I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch as I am the apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry 14 in the hope that I may provoke my own people to jealousy and save some of them. 15 For if their rejection is the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead? 16 If the first part of the dough is holy, so is the whole batch; if the root is holy, so are the branches.
17 Now if some branches have been broken off, and you, a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the others to share in the nourishment of the olive root, 18 do not boast over those branches. If you do, remember this: You do not support the root, but the root supports you.
19 You will say then, “Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in.” 20 That is correct: They were broken off because of unbelief, but you stand by faith. Do not be arrogant, but be afraid. 21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, He will certainly not g spare you either.
22 Take notice, therefore, of the kindness and severity of God: severity to those who fell, but kindness to you, if you continue in His kindness. Otherwise you also will be cut off. 23 And if they do not persist in unbelief, they will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if you were cut from a wild olive tree, and contrary to nature were grafted into one that is cultivated, how much more readily will these, the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree!
All Israel Will Be Saved
25 I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers, so that you will not be conceited: A hardening in part has come to Israel, until the full number of the Gentiles has come in. 26 And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written:
“The Deliverer will come from Zion;
27 And this is My covenant with them
when I take away their sins.” h
30 Just as you who formerly disobeyed God have now received mercy through their disobedience, 31 so they too have now disobeyed, in order that they too may now receive mercy through the mercy shown to you. i 32 For God has consigned everyone to disobedience so that He may have mercy on everyone.
A Hymn of Praise
33 O, the depth of the riches
of the wisdom and knowledge of God!
How unsearchable are His judgments,
34 “Who has known the mind of the Lord?
Or who has been His counselor?” j
35 “Who has first given to God,
that God should repay him?” k
36 For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things.
To Him be the glory forever! Amen.
3 a 1 Kings 19:10, 14
4 b 1 Kings 19:18
6 c BYZ and TR include But if it is by works, then it is no longer grace; otherwise work is no longer work.
8 d See Deuteronomy 29:4 and Isaiah 29:10.
10 e Psalm 69:22–23 (see also LXX)
11 f Or did they stumble so as to lose their share? Literally did they stumble that they might fall?
21 g Or He will perhaps not ; SBL, NE, and WH He will not
27 h Isaiah 27:9 and Isaiah 59:20–21; see also LXX
31 i Literally may now receive mercy through your mercy ; BYZ and TR may receive mercy through your mercy
34 j Isaiah 40:13 (see also LXX)
35 k Job 41:11